Ralph Mosser Barnes
d.d. June 13th, 1949
Frederick W. Kent Collection, Special Collections Depart., the University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, Iowa
Prof. Ralph Mosser Barnes (born on October 17th, 1900 in Clifton Mills, West Virginia, USA and died on November 5th, 1984 at Los Angelos, USA, aged 84 years), son of John J. and Martha (Mosser) Barnes. He enjoyed his education at the West Virginia University: B.S. M.E. and at the Cornell University: Ph.D. He worked a.o. at the U.S. Window Glass Co. in 1923; as Assistant Engineer on Product Development; at Bausch & Lomb Optical Co. during 1924-1925; as Industrial Engineer at The Gleason Works during 1925-1926; as instructor at the University of Illinois; at the College of Commerce during 1926-1928; as Industrial Engineer at Eastman Kodak Co. during the summers of 1927-1930 and during 1934-1936; at Kodak Ltd. at Londen in summer 1937; as assistant Professor of Industrial Engineering at University of Iowa, College of Engineering during 1928-1930; as associated Professor of Industrial Engineering from 1930 till 1934; as Professor of Industrial Engineering from 1934 till 1949; as Director of Personnel from 1937 till 1949; Director of Management Course during 1938-1949; Professor of Engineering and Production Management of University of California, Los Angelos from 1949 until his retirement. During WW II he was consulting engineer for companies in the east and midwest; a consultant for the Industrifax Bundets Rationaiseringskontor A/S (Federation of Norwegian Industries) in summer 1950.
He was awarded with the Gilbreth Medal in 1941 for his extraordinary contributions to the field of Industrial Engineering and Management and the Industrial Incentive Award in 1951, both by S.A.M., New York.
In 1969 he was rewarded with the Frank and Lillian Industrial Engineering Award.
Building further on the work of his predecessors, he has given a huge boost to method study and time study. He was the man that continued to build on the classic Gilbreth technique and phylosophy and proclaimed that time study and micro-motions study were evidently different analysis techniques. He was a very famous author and lecturer in the field of industrial management. Especially during his time on the Universiteit of Iowa (1928 - 1949) he and his students conducted many many experiments to collect data and to arrange and sort these out. He continued to do this work on the University of California - Los Angelos, UCLA, from July 1st, 1949 until his “retirement” on July 1st, 1968. He should be awarded the merits of combining and coding all known data. He classified the Principles of the Motion Economy into two important catagories, viz. related to “The Use of the Human Body” (1 - 16) and to “The Design of Tools and Equipment” (17 - 22). Important for work analysts are the “Rules of Barnes”; see also the site “Practical - General / Barnes”.
In 1931 his work “Industrial Engineering and Management” was published.
In 1937 his worldwide famous standard work “Motion and Time Study” was published; the 2nd edition was published in 1940; the 3rd edition (559 p) in 1949 and the 4th edition (665 p) was published in January 1958.
In 1944 the Work Methods Manual (136 p) was published.
In 1949 his work Motion and Time Study Problems and Projects (220 p) was published, the 2nd edition (232 p) was published in 1961.
In 1949 his work Motion and Time Study Applications was published; the 2nd edition (188 p) was published in 1953; the 3rd edition (188 p) was published in 1958; the 4th edition (188 p) was published in 1961.
In 1950 his work Work Methods Training Manual 3rd edition (337 p) was published.
In 1951 the Work Measurement Manual 4th edition (297 p) was published.
In 1956 the Work Sampling (264 p) was published; the 2nd edition (283 p) was published in 1957.
He is the author of over 60 publications.
Hij was member of ASME, ASEE, SAIE, AAAS, SAM, American Management Association, AIIE (Fellow), Institute of Industrial Psychology (UK), Industrial Management Society, Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Iota Epsilon, Alpha Pi Mu, Sigma Xi and Pi Tay Sigma.
In the edition of September 1954 page 784 of “Mechanical Engineer” the honourable installation of Barnes as Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME, is announced. To be qualified as a nominee to the grade of Fellow one must be: an engineer with acknowledged engineering attainment, 25 years of active practice in the profession of engineering, or teaching of engineering in a school of accepted standing, and a member of the Society for at least 13 years. Promotion to the grade of Fellow is made only on the nomination by five Fellows or members of the Society to the Council, to be approved by the Council. Reasons for the nomination of Dr. Barnes were o.a.:
Ralph M. Barnes, professor of Engineering and Production Management of the University of California, Los Angelos, Calif., is known for his ourstanding work in the fields of industrial engineering and management. His major contribution to management is the fundamental research he has conducted in industrial engineering. He has developed an extensive film library of motions and time-study applications useful to industry and educatorial films showing techniques and principles. During his 21-years of stay with the University of Iowa he developed the curriculum in industrial engineering and aided in expanding and enlarging course offerings; developed and equipped the University’s industrial-engineering laboratory; developed and directed the industrial-engineering research program; and originated and directed the University’s management course during 1939 - 1948. He has made many contributions to the industrial-engineering field through his industrial consulting assignments. He assisted in developing the Industrial Engineering Center of Armstrong Cork Co, Lancaster, Pa., and served as its first director. In 1950 he developed and presented a special industrial-engineering course for engineers and managers from Norway and Sweden. He is the author of several books, as mentioned above.
In September 1954 he was member of the Executive Committee of the Management Division and a member of the General Management Research Committee of ASME.
He aided in setting up a post-graduate industrial-engineering program in Joegoslavia and participated in management seminars all over the world especially in Japan. As a consultant with Kodak and Dow Chemicals Co. he was rewarded high distinctions for Advancement of Management in 1941 and 1952. He was emeritas professor with UCLA’s Graduate School of Management and School of Engineering.
He married on June 13th, 1931 with Mary Goody-Koontz in Boone, Iowa and had with her two daughters Elizabeth and Carolyn.